We sampled tens of thousands of clues across decades and publications from Saul Pwanson’s crossword corpus. Then, we manually labeled each person’s race and gender after researching them. For the purpose of this analysis, we classified people using US Census’s categories. We believe that the lines between races and genders are social constructs, and their precise delineations are moving targets without unanimous agreement. We recognize that this is an imperfect method, but it does not change our finding: crossword puzzles are dominated by men of European descent, reserving little space for everyone else.
I’ve been a New York Times crosswords player for a long time; in the past few years I’ve definitely noticed a mild trend towards a more diverse (and modern) set of clues, but there’s still a long way to go.
What’s amazing is what’s happening at USA Today:
As of December 2019, The USA Today puzzle is edited by Erik Agard, a 27-year old crossword champ who told me, “bringing some balance on the representation front is something I actively try to do.” A prominent crossword blogger called USA Today’s puzzle “the most interesting, innovative, and provocative daily crossword” out right now.
The whole piece is worth exploring, especially if you’re even a casual crossword player. Fantastic analysis, wonderful data visualizations, and they even made a puzzle that illustrates how different sets of clues can yield the same answers.
Who's in the Crossword?
The New York Times crossword has been criticized for being too old, too white, and too male. They publish more puzzles…